# Tom's Wind Turbine -- Tower Raising System

## Tower Raising System

I had thought about the logistics of raising a tower this big, and had 10 ton winch from a truck laying around at my dealership. The problem I had was that I had not figured out a way to drive the winch. In it's earlier life it was driven by a PTO (power take off) on the truck. I wanted the ability to raise and lower this without a lot of outside help, so finding a drive mechanism to this winch made the most sense. I also was concerned about the total weight we would be lifting through the gin pole. I didn't know a way to calculate this, so built a scale model in my garage and attached weights and cables to determine the load factors. I found my particular tower was at 4 to 1 (tower weight horizontal to gin pole weight required to lift it). With a 4,000 lb. tower, I needed 16,000 lbs. of pull to right it.

With that fact known, I needed to firm up the final design of the winch system. I spent some time, doing calculations based on distance and weight of the lift, and found 3 HP would raise the tower in 10 minutes. Less HP would take longer, substantially more HP would be quicker but expensive. We found the 8 HP Briggs running my cement mixer was the perfect fit. It was totally self contained, and only needed 4 bolts removed to take it off the mixer. We installed the winch on a 1" plate and fabricated mounts for the Briggs to drive a 5/8" belt to the winch. The proper pulleys (or sheaves as some call them) were ordered based on the ratios worked out for a 10 minute lift. I decided to give the old 8 HP engine (and my math) a little leeway. Part of the winch speed reduction was also a set of snatch blocks installed between the winch and the gin pole. We reduced the speed by a factor of 3, and increased the power by the same amount.

The gin pole installation posed a challenge. How would we stand this trussed pole up to install it when it is 55' long? After careful thought, I realized an early design flaw was limiting our ability to install the gin pole easily. Our limitation was the "swing area" of the base of the pole at the hinge point. By extending the hinge point farther from the main tower, the gin pole could be installed at a 180 angle to the tower. In a "laying down" position, the gin pole installation was a snap. One concern I had once installing the 55' gin pole was the possibility the pole would "break out" the pivot pin or mount, trying to give way under the 20,000 initial lift. I knew the truss would support the pole from collapsing, but 55' is a lot of leverage on the hinge point. Looking at the tower anchor points, I realized guide cables on the gin pole would be easy to add. With a little more torch work and welding, we had anchor points to install guide cable on the gin pole much like we did on the tower. A little apprehension was starting to go away.

Note: these two diagrams of a much smaller tower illustrate the how the main tower is raised using a gin pole.

 Tower fully raised. Tower being raised with a gin pole.

Tom's tower raising -- Click on pictures for full size

 Gin pole winch driven by gas engine. Main pole to gin pole connection -- winch in distance.

 An extra set of pulleys increased winch force. Winching station and elevated footing.

 Tower guy anchors and fittings.

At this time all the guide cables were assembled and tensioned. The Prairie Turbines design calls for one set or four 5/8" guide cables. With the extra height, we elected to use two sets of four. The tops cables are attached just above 120' on the tower, and the lower ones are about 80' up. We installed an extra 3/4" cable from the gin pole to the tower at 100' due
to the excess stress we would see during the raise of the tower. At 20,000 lbs. we would exceed the working load of the two 5/8" cables during the start of the tower lift. We used a log truck with a knuckle boom loader to raise the gin pole, letting out winch cable as we raised it. All remaining guide cables were installed, and the side cables were tensioned for the lift. It took a few tries to get the "gin pole to tower" cable lengths correct. Some miscalculation was evident, as we had to use chains to lengthen the two 5/8" cables until I could get more cable hardware to properly size them. When tensioning the "gin pole to tower" guide cables with the winch, the tower started raising very easily. It was evident the system will work.

## First Tower Raising

On October 1st, 2008 the tower was lifted.
We got a surprise when hoisting it the first time, finding that the weight of the gin pole overcomes the weight of the tower at about 85 degrees. It free fell to vertical the first time (the last 20'). Thank god the guide cables opposite the gin pole held. I am developing a counter measure for the next lift to accommodate that problem. Obviously I will need something to help get it to 85 degrees when lowering anyway.

Gin pole -- ready to raise main tower.

This sequence shows the tower being raised for the first time -- click on pictures for full size.

Tower fully raised.  Note the clearance to the surrounding trees.

October 19, 2008